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Emma

sabrina's report
Author: Jane Austen
Published first by John Murry in 1815 in Great Britain
Genre- Romance and Comedy
number of Pages: 471 pg

Characters- Characters description pg #


Emma Woodhouse- pg 1(main character)
Mr. Woodhouse-pg 3
Mr Knightley- pg 7
Mr. Weston- Chapter 2
Mrs.Weston / Miss Taylor-pg 4
Isbella (Emma's Sister)and John Knightley- pg 5 & 90
Harriet Smith- pg 20 & 23
Mrs. Bates- pg 18
Miss Bates- pg 18
Mr. Elton- pg 17
Mrs. Goddard- pg 18
Mrs. Martins- pg 24 & 25
Mr. Robert Martin-pg 25 & 26
Jane Fairfax
Frank Churchill

What happens? (from Austen.com)

Volume 1
Chapter I — Mrs. Weston leaves, but Mr. Knightley arrives.
Chapter II — Such a wonderful thing for poor Miss Taylor. Mr. Weston is a lucky man to have such a wife and such a son.
Chapter III — Mr. Woodhouse likes to have quiet company about him, and Emma invites his favorites. Miss Smith and Mr. Elton come.
Chapter IV — Harriet seems awfully fond of Mr. Martin, while Emma certainly is not.
Chapter V — Mr. Knightley believes Emma will do Harriet no good, but perhaps an unrequited romance would help.
Chapter VI — A portrait! Just the thing, believes Mr. Elton. What an excellent likeness.
Chapter VII — A proposal arrives, but the lady must decide on her own without any interference from anyone else.
Chapter VIII — Mr. Knightley knows and approves of the proposal. Vanity working on a weak head, produces every sort of mischief.
Chapter IX — A book of riddles. Behold him there, the monarch of the seas!
Chapter X — It is poverty only which makes celibacy contemptible. Cellery root.
Chapter XI — The London Knightleys arrive for the holidays.
Chapter XII — Does not the lapse of one-and-twenty years bring our understandings a good deal nearer? The gruel came and was the subject of much conversation.
Chapter XIII — Poor Harriet has a sore throat and must not go to Randalls. Better to fall short by two than exceed by two.
Chapter XIV — The Weston's Christmas party. Frank sends word that he shall be coming, if his aunt allows it.
Chapter XV — Emma must not expose herself to Harriet's cold. Have not I some right to complain? The snow begins and Mr. Woodhouse must be brought home. Alone in a carriage! Allow me to interpret this interesting silence.
Chapter XVI — Christmas day. Poor Harriet must be told, but the weather keeps everyone at home.
Chapter XVII — Mr. Elton leaves for Bath. Harriet learns the truth.
Chapter XVIII — Frank puts off his visit again. Mr. Knightley believes that a man can always do his duty. You seem determined to think ill of him.
Volume 2
Chapter I (19) — Harriet needs to stop talking of him, a visit to the Batses should help. A letter from Miss Fairfax, who is expected in a week.
Chapter II (20) — Poor Jane's very few hundred pounds make independence impossible. Jane and Emma meet, and Jane is uncommunicative.
Chapter III (21) — Emma tells Mr. Knightley that Jane is elegant, and Mr. Knightley tells Emma of Mr. E's good fortune. Harriet runs into Mr. Martin and takes Emma's news well.
Chapter IV (22) — Mr. Elton returns, a very happy man. All speculate about Miss Hawkins, who must be elegant indeed. Harriet should call on Elizabeth Martin.
Chapter V (23) — The Martins receive Harriet coolly. Frank comes tomorrow. This time he really does come. Emma is pleased with him.
Chapter VI (24) — Frank settles in at Highbury. Frank and Emma discuss Miss Fairfax.
Chapter VII (25) — All the way to London to get a haircut! The Coles are having a party, should Emma go?
Chapter VIII (26) — The Cole's party. Jane has received a great gift, could it be from Mr. Dixon? Mrs. Weston plays matchmaker with Jane and Mr. Knightley. Emma and Miss Fairfax exhibit their talents.
Chapter IX (27) — Jane's gift must be seen by all, and Emma, Harriet, Mrs. Weston and Mr. Churchill will pay her a visit.
Chapter X (28) — Frank fixes a pair of glasses. Jane's playing is much admired on her new pianoforté. Mr. Knightley goes to Kingston and offers to run errands for the Bateses.
Chapter XI (29) — It may be possible to do without dancing entirely, but a ball would be just the thing. Shall the Crown be the place for it?
Chapter XII (30) — Mr. Knightley doesn't care for a ball. The ball is canceled; Frank must return to his aunt. I think you can hardly be quite without suspicion.
Chapter XIII (31) — Emma continues to entertain no doubt of her being in love. Mr. Elton marries.
Chapter XIV (32) — Mrs. Elton is first seen at church, and found to be elegantly dressed, and very pleasing. So extremely like Maple Grove!
Chapter XV (33) — Mrs. Elton quite raves about Jane Fairfax. Have you been settling that I should marry Jane Fairfax?
Chapter XVI (34) — Miss Woodhouse must have the Eltons to dinner. John Knightley and Jane discuss getting letters at the post-office.
Chapter XVII (35) — Mrs. Elton wishes to help Jane find a position. Frank sends word that he shall come again soon.
Chapter XVIII (36) — Mrs. Churchill will not be second to any lady in the land. These amazing engagements of mine-what have they been?
Volume 3
Chapter I (37) — Emma worries that Frank feels too much. The ball is rescheduled.
Chapter II (38) — No misfortune occurred, again to prevent the ball. A lady is snubbed by a little man, while his wife cheers him on. A gentleman comes to the rescue. Brother and sister! no, indeed.
Chapter III (39) — Frank comes to Hartfield with Harriet leaning on his arm. Gipsies give a fright.
Chapter IV (40) — Harriet's most precious treasures. Harriet is in love again; Emma does not wonder, after the service he rendered her friend.
Chapter V (41) — Mr. Knightley has suspicious about a certain couple. Mr. Perry's carriage. Blunder.
Chapter VI (42) — Mrs. Elton loves the idea of exploring Donwell Abbey. Emma is pleased to see Donwell again. Jane leaves abruptly. Frank finally arrives very out of spirits.
Chapter VII (43) — Box Hill. Three very dull things indeed. Proving myself your friend by very faithful counsel.
Chapter VIII (44) — Emma calls on the Batses and finds that Jane is ill and has accepted a position. Mr. Churchill leaves again.
Chapter IX (45) — He was certainly on the point of carrying it to his lips, but suddenly let go. Mrs. Churchill dies. Emma tries to cheer up Jane with some arrow-root.
Chapter X (46) — Mrs. Weston must see Emma at once to hear important news. Emma has not been injured.
Chapter XI (47) — Harriet seems cheerful in light of such news. Emma was dreadfully mistaken with respect to Harriet. She had been entirely under a delusion, totally ignorant of her own heart.
Chapter XII (48) — Emma contemplates her future. Mrs. Weston and Miss Woodhouse discuss the future Mrs. Churchill.
Chapter XIII (49) — Mr. Knightley returns from London. You speak as if you envied him. Don't speak it, don't speak it. He cannot make speeches. What did she say? Just what she ought, of course. A lady always does.
Chapter XIV (50) — Poor Mr. Woodhouse little suspects what is plotting against him. Mr. Churchill explains himself.
Chapter XV (51) — Mr. Knightley reads Churchill's explanation, then makes an extraordinary offer; Mr. Woodhouse must not be upset.
Chapter XVI (52) — Harriet is sent to London. Emma calls on the Batses; Mrs. Elton knows a secret. Jane and Emma become friends.
Chapter XVII (53) — Miss Anna Weston arrives. Cannot you call me 'George' now? Mr. Woodhouse learns the awful truth.
Chapter XVIII (54) — Harriet is getting married; excellent news! Frank comes again and offers his apologies.
Chapter XIX (55) — The wedding was very much like other weddings.
THE END

Questions:
1.) Is the narrator sympathic to Emma, or critical?
I don't think the narrator is either sypathic or critical to Emma, the narrator simple states the facts.

2.) What is the significance in class in Emma?
In the novel, it shows how strong opinion, respect and class can be. Here are some examples…
The first example is Emma and Harriet, who are two very good friends. Harriet who loved Robert Martin very much did not accept him. Only because Emma did not approve of him. Emma’s foolishness ruined a beautiful relationship. This proves how powerful respect, class and an opinion can be. Harriet’s respect for Emma’s opinion, changed everything even Harriet’s love for Mr. Martin. Although Emma is the same age as Harriet, Emma is more respected because of her wealth, showing how everything was based on wealth, for Harriet would be just as respect and her opinion would be worth just as much as Emma if she were wealthy.
Another example is Frank Churchill and Jane Fairfax. Frank is a very selfish man but is only honored greatly because of his wealth. As Jane Fairfax has much ore character to her. But she is consider below Frank because she is poor. When they’ re to be married even though Jane is n\more sensible then Frank she is consider not worthy of Frank.
So you see how much class is influences, a lot if people’s opinions in this book.


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3.) Is Mr. Knightley seen with out fault?
In a way yes and in another way no. It all depends on how you view him. (explained more on question 8)


4.) Is the Humour in Emma Harmless?
No, Some of Emma's fuuny mistakes have resulted in horrible endings for other people, and have recked a bit of thier lives. Harriet loosing her Mr. Martin and lonely for Mr. Elton, and Mr. Elton and Mr. Knightley both ar extremely fustrated with her. As well as in the end her silliness leaves her with a broken heart.

5.) Is Emma a changed person at the end of the novel?
Emma doesn't seem to change too much till about a quater way through when she realizes that Mr. Knightley is the only one for her. She then seems to realize her mistakes, faults and how she might loose Mr. Knightley because of them. Then she takes drastic action to change her fault all the will making more mistakes with out knowing, but at least they are so silly or immature as her past one. They had been in vain, now she was simply trying to do good.


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6.) Does Emma seem more human because of her faults? Should a heroine of a romance novel be perfect?
I think Emma seems more real to me because of her faults. She reminds us all about some of the faults we have, and that we are not perfect! I don't think a heroine should be perfect in a novel. In fact i hate reading a book that the heroine is perfect, its cheesy and it drives me crazy. Itis much more interesting when a charater has a fault when they don't they do everything right and there is no point in really telling the story because you know everything is right in the end. If that not clear enough,when a character is perfect, It's boring! . I think a good book gets deep when a character has a fault because not only does the character inprove on the fault but in a way you do too.

7.) How does Mr. Knightley show how he cares for Emma?
Mr. Knightley expresses he cares for Emma by showing her faults straight out, instead of hiding them because he wants her to improve and stop her from thinking so high of herself. As it says in the book: Mr Knightley infact, was one of the few people who sees faults in Emma Woodhouse, and the only one who ever told Emma of them. (pg. 8) Also even though it sometimes wasn't agreeable to Emma, she respected him for it, because every one else views her as perfect or else doesn't mention anything to her. I think it brings them closer because you can't pretend someone is perfect to be a good friend, good friends know each others weaknesses and faults as well as the good.
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8.) . Even if Mr. Knighley is guided by feeling rather than reason at times, does that diminish his stature, or does it makes him more believable and human?

Mr. Knightley is introduced as a "a sensible man" (p. 31), good sense being a positive quality in Austen.

He obviously served as Emma's mentor and moral guide, being "one of the few people who could see faults in Emma Woodhouse, and the only one who ever told her of them" (p. 8).

He bluntly told her she had drawn Harriet too tall, a charge she knew to be true but refused to acknowledge. Throughout the novel, he pointed out her lapses, like her neglect of Jane Fairfax and Miss Bates and her cruel treatment of Miss Bates at Box Hill. How is he an effective a mentor and moral guide? Did he significantly affect Emma's behavior and her attitudes? Emma acknowledged his influence"the indulgence of other people" and confessed that "I was very often influenced by you—oftener than I would own at the time. I am very sure you did me good" .

He, however, seemed to have doubts about his guidance:
"My interference was quite as likely to do harm as to do good. It was very natural for you to say, 'What right has he to lecture me?' and I am afraid very natural for you to feel that it was done in a disagreeable manner. I do not believe I did you any good. The good was all to myself, by making you an object of the tenderest affection to me. I could not think about you so much without doting on you, faults and all, and by dint of fancying so many errors, have been in love with you ever since you were thirteen at least" .

Despite such things, most readers see him as perfect. Living up to his name, he was consistently kind and considerate toward the Bates family, sending his last apples for Jane, using his carriage to bring Jane and Miss Bates to the Coles' dinner, and offering to run errands for Miss Bates. He kindly danced with Harriet to rescue her from the Eltons' malice.

Other readers see him not perfect at all because he is not necessarily or consistently guided by reason.

Their most compelling evidence is his jealousy of Frank Churchill:
When Emma and he discussed Frank's deferred visits, the principles by which he condemned Frank were valid, "There is one thing, Emma, which a man can always do if he chooses, and that is his duty; not by manoeuvring and finessing, but by vigour and resolution" (p. 141) and "Respect for right conduct is felt by everybody" (p. 142). These are fundamental principles for Austen. Frank's horrible behavior justified Knightley's disapproval. On the surface, Mr. Knightley's objections to Frank appeared to be reasonable.

But his feeling for Frank suggested that he was guided by some intense emotion rather than reason. He became so annoyed that Emma changed the subject and was surprised that his high opinion of himself "could make him unjust to the merit of another" (p. 145). Later he himself acknowledged his initial bias and jealousy, "I was not quite impartial in my judgement, Emma; but yet, I think, had you not been in the case, I should still have distrusted him" (pp. 380-81). Also the narrator says about this "long-standing jealousy, old as the arrival or even the expectation of Frank Churchill" (370), suggesting that his realization of his jealousy might have enlightened him about his love for Emma.He was prepared to accept Miss Bates' invitation to come up and join Emma and Mrs. Weston—until he heard that Frank was also present.
But After everything was done, meaning once he knew Emma loved him and Frank Churchill was out of the picture or didn't have a hold on Emma, Churchill seemed more favorable, even though he had to same faults and traits.

Critics of Mr. Knightey also say, his initial rejection of Harriet, which they claim was hasty and based on insufficient evidence. As a result of taking the time to talk to her, he discovered that she was "an artless, amiable girl, with very good notions, very seriously good principles, and placing her happiness in the affections and utilty of domestic life" (p. 404). To some this, they think makes him not perfect at all.

Also what bothers some readers is the age difference between Emma and Knightley. Him being in his thirties and her being only one and twenty. When Mr. Knightley says "I could not think about you so much without doting on you, faults and all, and by dint of fancying so many errors, have been in love with you ever since you were thirteen at least". The idea of of him being in his twenties and in love with a thirteen year old girl, is quiet disturbing to some readers.

So now we are left with the question, even if Mr. Knightley is guided by feeling rather than reason at times, does that diminish his stature, or does it makes him more believable and human?


external image Emma1.jpg9.) How is Love shown is the novel?
In Jane Austen’s novel “Emma,” love and acceptance are two big factors. Hand in hand in this book, after all don’t you need to accept someone to be able to love them. There are many different ways Love and acceptance are shown in this novel. Some few example are as following.

First we have Mr. Knightley’s way of expressing love. He expresses love his love for Emma by serving as her mentor, being “one of the few people who could see faults in Emma Woodhouse, and the only one who ever told her of them” (pg 8). He bluntly told her she had drawn Harriet too tall, a charge she knew to be true but refused to acknowledge. Throughout, the novel he pointed out her lapses, like her neglect of Jane Fairfax and Miss Bates at box hill. Though he pointed the Emma’s mistakes, he never abandoned their friendship because of her mistakes. He simply found her faults, pointed them out and keep on being her friend. He accepted her whole being, faults and all. In the end Emma acknowledges his influence “the indulence of other people” and confessed that “I was very often influenced by you oftener then I would own at times. I am very sure you did me good.” With out accepting Emma’s faults and mistakes, he would have never been able to help her, or love her.

In the same way we have Jane Fairfax and Frank Churchill show of love. Those they caused a lot of chaos in the novel, they to did show love. They accepted each other need of separate lives and Jane Showed much compassion to Frank, even when he flirted with all the ladies of the town.

A very unique Expression of love is shown by Mr. Woodhouse. Being self center the only way he showed that he cared and loved someone is by feeling sorry for them and missing them, even when they are perfectly happy; For example “poor Miss Taylor!-I wish she were here again. What a pity it is that Mr. Weston ever thought of her” (pg 6). His also showed a fatherly love toward Emma. Though it didn’t benefit Emma in the way he probably hope it did he loved Emma very much and therefore spoiled her. As the novel states “the real evils indeed, of Emma’s situation were the power of having rather too much of her own way, and a disposition to think a little to highly of herself” (pg 1).

Finally my last point is Mr. martin and Harriet. Mr. Martin shows his love for Harriet by acts of service and kindness. For example “ he had gone three miles round one day in order to bring Harriet some walnuts, because she was fond of them”(pg 25). The greatest show of love he showed is when he forgave Harriet for shaming him by rejection. Again accepting her mistake and showing her love.

To wrap it all up as you can see there are many form of love that were shown in this love and much more was shown in this book then could ever be told. This novel leaves you puzzling on how do you show love, what can you accept and what are your faults? I’ll leave you to answer those questions.