Ninteen Eighty Four - George Orwell
By Sammi Orchard
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Question 1.

Why is Winston Smith so afraid to write in his diary?
'The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death, or at least by twenty five years in a forced- labour camp.'(page.8) Winston Smith is afraid to write in his diary because, even though there are no laws, if he was found with the diary he would be punished by death or labour camp. Winston is not even allowed to own an object such as a diary. He is afraid that if he is ever found with the diary then the Thought Police will know his true feelings, and he doesn't want them to know what he thinks or feels.

Question 2
What is the signifigance of naming every thing Victory? i.e Victory Gin, Victory Mansions and Victory Cigarettes.

I think the whole 'victory' thing has to do with the fact that they think war is peace,
'War is peace
Freedom is slavery
Ignorance is strength.' (page 6)
They want a victory in war so they can gain peace ??

Question 3
What is INGSOC?

Question 4
Does the prospect of 'Two Minutes Hate' frighten Winston Smith?

I don't think that it frightens him so much, i think it more excites him, he obviously dislikes Emmanuel Goldstein alot, but he might also be in awe. 'He could never see the face of Goldstein without a painful mixture of emotions.' (page 14) Two Minutes Hate, gives him the chance to watch other people and the way they react to the picture of Goldstein on the screen. He seems to annalyse the way other people act around him and around the face of Goldstein. Maybe this has a reflection on how he sees himself compared to others?
The Two Minutes Hate was based on Stalinism's habitual demonisation of it's enemies and rivals, and the description of Big Brother bears a physical resemblance to Stalin himself. (Wikidpedia.org)


History of 1984.

  • 1984 was published on June 8, 1949. But the bulk of the book was written in 1948, although he had been writing it since 1945.
  • The book was originally entitled The Last Man In Europe but Frederic Warburg, the publisher, suggested a change to assist in the books marketing. The reasons for the selection of the year 1984 are not known - He may have just switched the last to digits in the year he wrote the book.
  • Orwell wrote an essay Why I Write, in it he clearly explains that all the 'serious work' hr had written since the Spanish Civil War in 1936 was written directly or indirectly against totalitarianism and for democratic socialism.

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  • George Orwell based many aspects of Oceanian soceity on the Stalin era Soviet Union.
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